Brandt-Daroff exercises are used for the treatment of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV). For more information on BPPV please see our separate leaflet on this.
The exercises can stop the dizzy spells experienced by BPPV sufferers. It is not clear why the exercises work, some evidence suggests that the exercises help to relocate the loose crystals that cause the dizziness in the first place,whereas other evidence suggests that repeated exposure to the feeling of dizziness reduces its intensity.
The exercises are likely to provoke dizziness, therefore should be performed in a safe environment, preferably with another person present. Some people find it difficult to perservere with the exercises but the exercies have a good success rate.
There are alternative manoeuvres that can be used to treat BPPV, so as an Epley manoeuvre. Your specialist may perform an Epley manoeuvre with you in clinic and then recommend Brandt-Daroff exercises for you to use at home as these are easierto perform unsupervised.
The above description is one repetition. The exercises should be performed in a setof 5 repetitions. They should be performed three times a day for two weeks. If the dizziness persists after 2 weeks you may require a further appointment.